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Argentina is the eighth largest country in the entire world, and the second largest in both size and population within South America. The country borders Chile, Uruguay, Paraguay, Brazil, Bolivia, and the Atlantic Ocean. Argentina is a Spanish-speaking nation, though some Italian and native Indian languages are also spoken. Its government is described as an independent republic. Argentina boasts one of the most stable and safe political climates in South America. The local currency is the peso.

Argentina has a wealth of natural resources that provide the foundation for their economy, including oil, natural gas, and hydroelectric energy. Its main industries include food packaging (meat, flour, and canning), and flour milling. Argentina is a major agricultural country that meets domestic demands while achieving a fourth of the country’s total income from export demands. Exports include: wheat, sunflowers, potatoes, beef, corn, soy, alfalfa, oats, barley, linseen, and textiles. Fruit exports include citrus fruits, peaches, plums, tangerines, oranges, and lemons.

Argentina’s vastness makes for a diverse geography and climate. While Buenos Aires sits in a tropical zone, Argentina features a sub-polar climate in the south. In fact, six geographical zones are spread throughout the country, including the central, fertile Pampas region, the marshy Mesopotamia region up north, the Chaco region, which is comprised of dense, lush forests, the Andes mountain region in the west, high plateaus in the northwest, and the famed beautiful plateaus of the Patagonia region. Argentina features volcanoes, ancient archaeological sites, small Indian villages, the highest mountain in the Americas, a multitude of fine wineries, beautiful ski resorts, and a plethora of nature reserves.

The region of Pampas is famous for its cattle farms, where gauchos (cowboys) still roams the plains. This is where the world’s best beef supply comes from: grass-fed cattle roam the countryside.

Mesopotamia is full of subtropical forests, which feature gorgeous waterfalls and a variety of unique plants and wildlife.

The Patagonian and Southern Andean Steppe is one of the least populated areas in the entire world. The region’s windswept plains are home to the endangered Andean cat, the Andean condor, vicuna, and mara, a deer-like rodent. 95% of this land is privately own, and the extraction of natural resources threatens the area’s endemic plant life, animals, and waterfowl.

In the midst of these natural wonders lie some of the most cosmopolitan cities in the world, including glamorous Buenos Aires and charming Cordoba. Buenos Aires has old-world ties to Europe, which is prevalent in the city’s architecture, theater, museums, and world-class cuisine. Cordoba is slower paced, and features colonial architecture and the country’s finest universities. Cordoba’s strategic location makes it an idea gateway to Argentina’s many natural wonders.

In 2010, Argentina celebrated 200 years of freedom from Spain. Argentina’s long and colorful history is celebrated and embraced by its citizens and historical relics run rampant throughout the major cities’ cultural environments.

Argentina is a rare country that boasts culture, rich historical roots, beautiful, diverse geography, bustling, interactive cities, and adventures for every type of person. If you desire to experience the very best of Latin America, Argentina is the clear choice.

Argentina - Highlights